According to World Health Organization, ergonomic is the technology of work design, based on the human biological sciences: anatomy, physiology, and psychology. It applies to the field of science that studies and designs the human-machine (tool), human-work environment and human-human interfaces to prevent injury and illness, and to improve work performance. Good ergonomics practices give positive impact on workers, work tasks and the work environment thus reduction in injury or illness rates. Hence, improvement in workplace productivity.
The purpose of conservative management for injuries is to produce a non-surgical treatment plan using therapeutic exercise, to eventually prepare the individual to return to play after the sustained injury or to maximize functional ability. Therefore, by using therapeutic exercises, a rehabilitation program can be created for those who do not wish to pursue surgery.